Sunburn occurs when the skin gets parched or burnt under the impact of Ultra Violet radiation or UV radiation given out by the sun. It takes place due to excessive exposure to sun light. Over-exposure to sun makes the body’s protective pigment melanin, incapable of protecting the skin, leading to much skin damage. Exposure to tanning lamps or welding arcs can also cause such burns. As sunburn occurs, the living tissues of the skin get damaged and the skin gets blackened or tanned. The signs of sunburn show up within thirty minutes of heavy exposure to sun. People, who work in yard, go for fishing or are out in beaches have greater possibility of getting sun burnt.
We all have experienced the symptoms of sunburn at some time or the other. Sunburn can cause much discomfort, but rarely is it fatal. When sunburn acquires fatal dimensions, it is known as sun poisoning. However sunburns can have long term serious effects like skin cancer. Sunburn also leads to premature aging of skin. People staying near the equator, those who are fair skinned and light haired; those with prior skin injury, those with a sensitive skin and those under certain specific antibiotics like doxycycline may get sun burnt easily. It is necessary for one to use sunscreen cream or lotions, umbrella or broad brimmed hats, sunglasses for eyes and wear light colored clothing in order to avoid sunburns.
Symptoms of Sunburn
1. Skin irritation
2. Redness of skin
3. Warm and tender to touch
4. Painful rashes
6. Skin peeling
12. Flu-like symptoms.
Home Remedies for Sunburn
1. Aloe Vera or vinegar may be applied on sunburns to get relief from pain and inflammation.
2. Mustard oil may be rubbed on the burnt areas and may be left to dry up. This will take away the heat from the sun burnt areas.
3. Rubbing burnt regions with freshly cut cucumber slices can have a soothing effect on skin.
4. One may add baking powder to bath water. This treatment will soothe the skin effectively.
5. Washing the sun burnt areas with apple cider vinegar can help a lot.
6. Application of lavender oil or peppermint oil on the burnt skin would yield good results.
7. Application of sandalwood paste on the burnt areas would relieve burning sensation.
8. One may mix one part of tomato juice with six parts of butter milk, and apply the mixture on burnt areas. It is to be washed away after 30 minutes. This remedy would heal the burns.
9. Ice compress is an easy home remedy for sunburns.
10. Epsom salt compress can also relieve symptoms of sunburn.
11. Placing grated potato slices on the burns can give relief. The starch in potatoes would restore the skin tissues damaged due to sunburns.
12. Herbal bath using chamomile or lavender essential oil in bath water can give relief from pain and itching caused due to sunburn.