An ovarian cyst is a collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Any ovarian follicle that is larger than two centimeters is termed as an ovarian cyst. An ovarian cyst can be compared with the size of a small pea, or even larger than a cantaloupe.
Ovarian cysts are small sacs filled with fluids which develop inside a woman’s ovaries. Although most cysts are harmless, but there might be some which may cause problems such as rupturing, bleeding, or pain; and there only treatment is surgery. It is important to be aware of how these cysts may form.
Women normally have two ovaries that store up and release eggs. Each ovary is about the dimension of a walnut, and one ovary is positioned on each side of the uterus. One ovary produces one egg every month, and this process starts a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle. The egg is enclosed in a sac known as follicle. An egg grows inside the ovary until a hormone estrogen, signals the uterus to ready itself for the egg. In turn, the uterus begins to thicken itself and gets ready for pregnancy. This cycle occurs each month and typically ends when the egg is not fertilized. All contents of the uterus are then barred if the egg is not fertilized.
In the US, ovarian cysts are found in nearly all most all premenopausal women, and in up to 14.8% of postmenopausal women.
Ovarian cysts concern women of all ages. Maximum types of ovarian cysts are termed as being functional. Most ovarian cysts are benign, sense they are not cancerous, and many disappear on their own in a matter of weeks without treatment. Cysts occur most often in a woman’s childbearing years.
Surgery may be required to remove cysts which are larger than 5 centimeters in diameter.
Ovarian cysts can be related to being as cancerous or noncancerous. While cysts may be found in ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts typically represent a normal process or harmless condition.
The following conditions classify each and every aspect of ovarian cysts: whether they are benign, or noncancerous etc. A woman may possibly develop one or more of them.
Follicular cyst: This type of simple cyst can shape when ovulation does not occur or when a mature follicle involutes. It usually forms at the point in time of ovulation and can grow to about 2.3 inches in diameter.
Emorrhagic cyst: This type of functional cyst occurs when bleeding occurs inside a cyst.
Dermoid cyst: This is an abnormal cyst that generally affects younger women and may grow to 6 inches in diameter.
Endometriomas or endometrioid cysts: Part of the condition known as endometriosis, this type of cyst is shaped when endometrial tissue grows in the ovaries.
Polycystic-appearing ovary: Polycystic-appearing ovary is diagnosed based on its enlarged size – usually twice which of usual – with small cysts present around the outside of the ovary.
Cystadenoma: A cystadenoma is a type of benign tumor that develops from ovarian tissue. They may possibly be filled with a mucous-type fluid material. Cystadenomas can grow to be very large and may measure 12 inches or more in diameter.