In Respect For Native Americans
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Mound City Group
These are pictures I took at the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Mound City Group site and Visitor Center.
Wikipedia: From about 200 BC to AD 500, the Ohio River Valley was a central area of the prehistoric Hopewell culture. The term Hopewell (taken from an early farmer who owned the land where one of the mound complexes was located) culture is applied to a broad network of beliefs and practices among different Native American peoples who inhabited a large portion of eastern North America. The culture is characterized by its construction of enclosures made of earthen walls, often built in geometric patterns, and mounds of various shapes. Visible remnants of Hopewell culture are concentrated in the Scioto River valley near present-day Chillicothe, Ohio.
The most striking Hopewell sites contain earthworks in the form of squares, circles, and other geometric shapes. Many of these sites were built to a monumental scale, with earthen walls up to 12 feet (3.7 m) high outlining geometric figures more than 1,000 feet (300 m) across. Conical and loaf-shaped earthen mounds up to 30 feet (9.1 m) high are often found in association with the geometric earthworks. The people who built them had a detailed knowledge of the local soils, and they combined different types to provide the most stability to the works. It required the organized labor of thousands of man hours, as people carried the earth in handwoven baskets.
Mound City, located on Ohio Highway 104 approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Chillicothe along the Scioto River, is a group of 23 earthen mounds constructed by the Hopewell culture. Each mound within the group covered the remains of a charnel house. After the Hopewell people cremated the dead, they burned the charnel house. They constructed a mound over the remains. They also placed artifacts, such as copper figures, mica, arrowheads, shells, and pipes in the mounds.
Learn about the Hopewell culture at: archive.archaeology.org/online/features/hopewell/who_were…
Great pictures of artifacts of the Hopewell at: ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/gallery2/main.php?g2_itemId=279
By karen’s archaeology stream on 2012-09-10 14:09:17
Since I was a little girl, I have always been fascinated with ‘Indians.’ Ten Little Indians was a song I sang repeatedly. When we played ‘Cowboys and Indians’ ‘good’ guys verses ‘bad’ guys’, I always wanted to be the Indian. The Totem Pole captivated me, the Rain Dance mesmerized me and the Headdresses…beautiful.
Now, half a century later I am still fascinated, but in a much broader scope. Through the years as I have learned more about their culture and the native spirit, I am more in awe than ever before.
It brings a tear to my eye, when I think of the ‘white man’ and the ‘red man’ and all their conflicts. I feel sad and deeply sorry for the injustice that was done to our native man.
Here was a culture, that knew instinctively about being one with nature and the universe. Here was a culture to emulate and not retaliate against. Here was the very root of living life with purpose and pride, and always ‘giving back’ to mother earth. Indeed, this was a culture in its’ truest form that sought peace, peace of the mind, body and soul. A people filled with the wisdom of the universe and a respect for the land they loved and toiled upon. They took what they needed, and gave back what belonged to the earth, and the wind, and the waters, and never did they forget to worship and thank their Gods.
They taught the ‘white man’ how to survive…how to plant…how to cultivate…how to read the skies…how to live in harmony with nature in the vast wilderness of the ‘New World.’ They had lived and died in this place for ‘many moons.’ And, in return for all that they gave and taught the white man, they were gifted with guns, monetary awareness, taxes, whiskey, theft and greed, deceit and smallpox.
It’s interesting to note, that unless you sought out the entire truth and heritage of the Native American, the true value system, the morality, spirituality and wisdom and beauty of this culture, you are left to believe that their behavior consisted primarily of circling wagon trains, scalping the white man, raping their women, and setting everything on fire.
Now, centuries later, out of guilt. mixed with power and greed, we have established ‘new reservations’ for our native man. We have given him Casinos and bars. We have taught him the American way. We have distanced him from main stream America, while pretending to ‘respect’ his culture and heritage.
A word of caution to the rest of us…history has a tendency to repeat itself. Just look at the politics of today. Power and greed and deceit surround us. You are rewarded for worshiping money, and restrictions are placed on worshiping a God, or even mentioning the name. Morals have all but vanished. Freedom and truth are only words.
So, who’s the ‘bad’ guy now, or should I say, still? Time to bring back the peace pipe for sure…the really big one. Share