Oluwo of Iwo ; first sharia court, first Yoruba mosque in 1655 and Waziri in Yoruba land
The first Sharia court in Nigeria was established in Iwo; why the first Yoruba mosque was built in Iwo in 1655, why its king has to be the only turbaned king in Yorubaland prior his crown, why it has been the only city to produce Oba as Imam in Yorubaland and why everything about the city is related to Islam and the safety of Yorubas as it had served as the military base of Yorubaland in the past.
The history has it that Islam revolutionised Yoruba socio-cultural evolution so much so that Yoruba were taught how to read and write by the Malian Muslim traders in Arabic language. Yoruba history, for the first time, was documented in Arabic language while child-naming conventions were borrowed from Islamic tradition.
The modes of dressing in cultural Yoruba were largely inherited from Muslims traders. Islamic tradition standardized the excessive polygamous marriage in Yoruba and curtailed the culture of mal-treating women as mere slaves and appendages.
From here, we are made to know the front roles played by Iwo and Yoruba Muslims in Yoruba civilisation before the advent of religious arm of European colonial masters, “Christianity” which its emergence had tried put an end to Islamic propagation, its growth and development.
The emergence of Islahudeen Missionary Association of Nigeria, led by Sheikh Abdul Baki Muhammad hindered the growing and planning of Christian evangelism in Iwo. Though, the city was greatly affected as many people then were forbidden to take part in formal Education recognised by the government for being a means of converting Muslims to Christianity. And the Fatwa given out by Sheikh Abdul Baki Muhammad, preserved the Iwo Islam till date
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