Also Known As: Princess Margaret
Famous As: Princess
Birthday: August 21, 1930
Died At Age: 71
Sun Sign: Leo
Height: 1.55 M
Born In: Glamis Castle
Father: George VI
Mother: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Siblings: Queen Elizabeth II
Spouse/Ex-Spouse: Antony Armstrong-Jones 1st Earl Of Snowdon (M. 1960–1978)
Children: 2nd Earl Of Snowdon, David Armstrong-Jones, Lady Sarah Chatto
Died On: February 9, 2002
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon was the second daughter of King George VI and the younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II. Born as Her Royal Highness Princess Margaret of York in her maternal grandfather’s home in Scotland, she became Her Royal Highness The Princess Margaret when her father succeeded the throne after abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII. Educated at home under her mother and Scottish governess, she performed her first official duty at the age of seventeen, when she launched the ocean liner ‘Edinburg Castle’. Very soon, she began to involve herself with charities, eventually serving more than fifty such organizations as patron or president. She also made many official overseas visits, representing the crown on numerous important occasions. Although she was one of the most controversial members of the royal family, she was much admired by the public for her social glamour as well as for her dedication to the crown.
Childhood &Early Life
Princess Margaret Rose was born on 21 August 1930 at Glamis Castle, Scotland and baptized on 30 October in the chapel of Buckingham Palace by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Her birth was verified by the then Home Secretary, J. R. Clynes.
At the time of her birth, she was the fourth in the line of succession. Her father, Albert Frederick Arthur George, the Duke of York, was the second son of King George V. Later, on the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, he succeeded the throne, becoming King George VI.
Her mother, Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon, was the daughter of 14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Lord of Glamis. She wanted to name her younger daughter Margaret Ann; but later settled on Margaret Rose because King George V did not approve of ‘Ann’.
Born younger of his parents’ two children, Margaret had an elder sister named Elizabeth, who on their father’s death became the Queen of United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II. The two siblings were very fond of each other; but their characters were far apart.
In 1932, when Margaret, lovingly called Margot, was two years old, the family moved to the Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park. They also had a town house located at 145, Piccadilly, where they spent considerable time.
Forward and intelligent for her age, Princess Margaret was a talkative and amusing child. Yet, there was a rumor that she was born deaf and mute. It was dispelled when in 1934 she made her first public appearance at the wedding of her uncle, Prince George, Duke of Kent.
In 1935, Margaret, began her education under a Scottish governess, Marion Crawford. Princess Elizabeth, who was four years her senior, also studied under the same governess. Together they studied language, literature, history and music. Her mother also supervised her education.
In 1936, her grandfather, King George V, passed away and her uncle, King Edward VIII, ascended the throne. But very soon, he decided to marry Wallis Warfield-Simpson, a twice divorced American lady, abdicating in favor of his younger brother, the Duke of York, who reluctantly agreed to become the king.
As Duke of York was coroneted as King George VI on 11 December 1936, the family moved to Buckingham Palace. While Princess Elizabeth became heir presumptive, Margaret was elevated to the second place in the line of succession to the British throne. She now became ‘Her Royal Highness The Princess Margaret’.
In 1937, as the two princesses continued their education under their governess, 1st Buckingham Palace Brownie Pack was formed to enable Princess Elizabeth to become a Girl Guide. Shortly, Princess Margaret also joined the pack, which consisted of twenty girls from royal household and palace employees.
As the Second World War erupted in September 1939 and children of well-to-do families were being evacuated to safety it was suggested that the two princesses should be sent to Canada. But their parents refused to send them to a safer zone while the country was facing the gravest crisis.
Elizabeth and Margaret spent the first few months of the Second World War at Birkhall in Scotland, returning to Sandringham House near Sandringham, Norfolk to spend the Christmas. Thereafter, they moved to Windsor Castle, a royal residence close to London, where they spent rest of the war years.
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