Image from page 649 of “Illinois Agricultural Association record [microform]” (January 1931- December 1934)
Title: Illinois Agricultural Association record [microform]
Year: January 1931- December 1934 (Jan0s)
Authors: Illinois Agricultural Association; Illinois Agricultural Association. Record
Publisher: Mendota, Ill. : The Association
Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
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FRIDAY, OCT. 6, 193S THE ILLINOIS AGRICULTIrAL f T RAI[, CLAIM AND UTILITY SERVICE Powerful Organization Farm- ers Only Hope In Fight For Lower Transportation, Power And Telephone . Costs. The transportation department of th« IllinoiB Agricultural Asso- ciation haM been serving Farm Bu- reau members since 1920. Through these yonrs there have been booms and dcpresBlons. The after- math of the vorlrt war and g»>v- ernmrnt ad»iiinintratinn of the rallroad.H hrouRht almul many Kenoral increases In frolRht ratep. Through organized Farm Bureau effort many of these high rales have been lowered. It Is the purpose of this I. A. A. service to see that the Illinois farmer does not pay more than his fair share of transportation costs; that he may meet the competition of producers of the same com- modities In other states to the same markets; that he Is given the benefit of his advantage of physical location with reference to markets; that he be accorded the same consideration in every phase of transportation. The association has as.sembled, over a period of years, a file of over one thousand rate tariffs. We are, therefore, in a position to quote and check rates on all farm products of members. Advance data is received which enables us to determine all pro- posed rate Increases and public hearings involving matters in vhlch farm interests should be represented. Coii.staiit VIkII Necessary. Illinois has for many years been a "buffer" state between eastern or official classification territory and the western territory. The Illinois classification govcrn- IniT state traffic generally re- flected the lower of the two clas- Kifications depending upon com- petitive conditions. Naturally, each freight association seeks to include Illinois in its territory and efforts of the Illinois Agricultural Association in opposing rate in- creases has resulted in saving the Illinois farmer thousands of dol- lars In his transportation costs. Continual study and rate sur- veys are necessary in order to keep Informed of existing rate changes. A number of hearings have been attended before the Jllim.ls Com- merce Commission and the Inter- state Commerce Commission on matters involving rates on agri- cultural products. Personal Contacts Made. Personal contacts have been made with railroad traffic execu- tives over a period of years and the aim and purpose of this or- ganitation has been sold to them, 8 making the work of the de- ffectlve. We want feel free to ca^l on our organization for Informa- tion and cooperation. Their under- standing of our program Is help- ful to them in making decisions on our requests. In the interest jor economy, the railroads have in many cases pe- titioned the Illinois Commerce Commission for permission to close local railroad stations; take off trains and abandon portions of their lines. There are some cases of this kind pending. Where local Interest is shown, this de- partment has assisted Fnrm Bu- reau committees in maintaining needed services. Railroads are required by law to maintain adequate fences along their right-of-way«. and to cut obnoxious weeds. As a result of defective fences live stock gets out on the right-of-way and is some- time« killed or Injured. Fire start- ed by railroad locomotives or sec- tion employes Vometimes spreads to adjoining fl’elds causing con- sidera.ble damage. If a member has the misfortune to suffer losses of this kind, all he has to do is give the facts to his organization for handling. Considerable servicf has been given members in the past on matters involving private farm crossings, drainage, and repairs to railroad stock yards. .Aid Live .Slock Grower. Large numbers of stockcr and feeder crfttle, calves, sheep a n iit hogs are purcha.sed by Illinois farmers in the range territory of the west and southwest. A high freight rate may mean a lo.ss to the feeder. The association has used its Influence to keep tliese rates on feeder stock down to a minimum. Feed-in-tran.sit rates have been secured by organized farm effort. Members should avail themselves of this I. A. A. service before making shipment to determine the actual transpor- tation expense. Claims for loss or damage In transit, such as ‘ the assrkciation. Since 1920 we have collected over $204,000.00 in claims against rajiroads and public utility com- panies. We also assist and repie- sent various affiliated coopera- tives in quoting rates, giving as- sistance on leases, routing ship- meots, auditing freight bills, and various other matters Involving and the rates charged for the en- ergy used. The I. A. A. has secured some reductions in rates and minimuin.>t during the past year and i8 now aeeking others. complaints on which will be heard in the near future. Transmission lines have some- times l)een proposed over farm lands without regard to rights of property owners. In numerous In- stances the I. A. A. has collab- orated with cjounty farm bureaus in protecting the interests of mem- bers. Routes have been changed, contracts made more equitable for the landowner and compensation for damages increased as a re- sult of this organized effort. Pipe lines to serve the large ci- ties with natural gas have been built across farm lands in various parts of the state. In several In- stances tho I. A. A. has secured highly important changes in ease’ ment contracts to assure the prop- erty owner of adequate compen- sation for damage to farm crops. Kxtcnslons to pipe line laterals are being proposed for the near fu- ture in several i)arts of Illinois. •Members should consult this de- partment beiQPC signing any ea.se- mont contracts. PLAN THOUSAND
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582_ Livestock Growers At- tend Five Short Courses In September. Five hundred and eighty-two leaders from 85 counties through- out Illinois recently attended a series of live stock marketing short courses just completed. The meetings were arranged by Ray E. Miller, director of live stock mar- keting, aided by producer agencies on the terminal markets. The at- tendance was as follows: Counties Place Represented Attendance Charleston 9 41 Chicago 2 2 99 Monmouth 8 7S St. Louis 34 195 Peoria 12 174 It was agreed by those who at- tended the conferences that live stock producers generally have given little serious thought to ac- tual jiroblems involved in market- ing their products. They have not paid much attention to the under- lying factors which determine prices. It was the consensus of opinion that the major problem in carrying forward a cooperative program was one of information. Information Is Need. In order to meet this need a plan for a state-wide live stock marketing program of Information was adopted. One meeting is to be held In each county to which a selected committee of live stock producers from each township or community of the county is to be Invlterf. ‘ … This county meeting is to be fol- lowed by local meetings held in various townships or committees throughout the country all on the same night. The series of local meetings in all the participating counties is to be c«rried out si- multaneously. It is e.xpected that there will be from 1.000 to 1,500 local meetings held on the same night throughout the state. As a part of the program for local and community meetings ar- rangements are being made for a special radio broadcast. At each of the live stock mar- keting short courses four major subjects were presented and dis- cussed. Profes.<*or R. C. Ashby of the University of Illinois, pre- sented results of studies which he has made in live stock marketing, particularly those factors which are Important from the standpoint of price determination. The man- ager of the producer agency serv- ing the territory in each Instance presented recent developments In connection with the operations of that agency and of the market on which located. A representative of the National Live .Stock Market- ing Association discussed the na- tional program In live stock mar- keting as it is being carried out by that organization. Corn-Hog Program. Ray K. Miller, director of live stock marketing for the I. A. A. presented the Illinois program and led the discu.ssion as to meth- ods of extending the service of the cooperatives to more Illinois farm- ers. The emergency corn-hog pro- gram as well as the wide variety of other subjects were presented and discussed at the various meet- ings. There has never been a time in which Illinois live stock producers were more intensely Interested in the cooperative program. It is generally recognized that through the establishment and operation of cooperative sales agencies some of the things can be done for the live stock producers which are being done by the NRA for the various Industrial and labor groups. A3K PRESIDENT RDOSEVELTTO SPEED EAl AID Farm Bureau Leader Heads Delegation In Call At • White House. to President 25 to speed They called on submitted to Led by Edward A. O’Neal, presi- dent of the American Farm Bureau Federation, leaders repre- senting farm organizations and publications made three definite recommendations Roosevelt on .Mept agricultural relief, the president and him resolutions adopted at a meet- ing called by the American Farm Hureau Federation, Sept. IS and 10 at Chicago which was attended by 16 representatives of general farm organizations, cooperatives and farm papers. Embodied in the recommenda- tions were these tliree principal propositions: "1—Harmonizing the NRA and AA.V so that progress of the for- mer will not result in too rapid in- crease of farm costs of operation prior to the effects of the latter in increasing prices of farm prod- uces. <‘ontrollcd inflation will un- doubtedly be very effective in speeding up the effects Of the AAA on farm prices. "2—More effective and quicker service in regard to the farm mortgage debt of the nation by Farm Credit Administration. "3—A more definite recognition of organized agriculture, both in regard to general farm organiza- tions and farmers’ cooperative as- sociations." NRA Boostjv Costs. The resolutions presented to the president were emphatic in point- ing out that the first step In any program of national recovery is to restore farm i^iirchasing power, according to Mr. O’Neal. They pointed out that this opinion Is al.so shared by many leaders of in- dustry as well. "While entirely sympathetic to the objectives of the NRA act, farm people are convinced that Its operations to- day have worked to the disadvan- tage of agriculture, in that the disparity which h.is for years ex- isted between the exchange value of farm commodities and the goods and services that farmers must buy has actually been in- creassed," said a resolution. , It was pointed out that restora- tion of price parity, which is the objective of the AAA. would prove the .salvation of agriculture In this time of emergency and would like- wise he of trememlous benefit to the nation as a whole, "if this restoration of price parity or proper exchange value of farm products is not accomplished at an early date, it is the opinion of this group of farm representatives that the entire recovery program Is In grave danger," the resolution warned. "It is easily possible to secure immediate action in applying the rules and regulations of the NRA. The application of the AAA In- volves greater riiltle« Hpohuju railroad transportation. The Illinois Agricultural Asso- ciation and affiliated companies represent one of the largest users of railroad transportation in the state of Illinois and control the routing of thousands of carloads of farm and other products, which places this organization on a pari- ty with other Industries In .seeking fair and equitable rates for Its members. Without organization, the Individual farmer would re- ceive little or no consideration. Public I’tlllties. High ten.olon lines have been steadily extended until they form almost a complete network over the entire state. Elecfilcltv on the farm has been urged and experimented with by power companies and educational Institution". As a result, a large number of farms are using elec- tricity. We find, however, »!»•?» Is lack of tinifonnity ss to conditions under which for farm disuibulion were GET HOGS IN EARLY IS EXPERTS ADVICE that Jir.th lines built Sharp seasonal reduction in hog receipts has strengthened the mar- ket and prices are expected to hold steady to strong well Into October, according to H. M. Conway of the National Livestock Marketing Association. .storage stocks, the market analyst says, arc particu- larly heavy so it seems ad^^sable to keep hogs well topped out and crowd the early supply of spring pigs for October or ^arly Novem- ber. Lower prices seem likely In December but a sharp come-back Is expected in the late winter. The fall pig crop has been greatly re- duced and similar reduction which is unofficially reported, will take place in the pig crop thus making for a sharp downward swing In hog production. Despite relatively high corn prices the situation Is becoming more favorable for live stock feed- ers, particularly so in the c.ise of cattle. Short supplies are now in sight and it Is a year when It will pay to emphasize quality and fin- ish. Rather wide price v.iriations are expected thus making for more attractive margins. of the nature of the farming busi- ness. This fact explains why wages can be quickly increased and the price of non-agricultural commodities quickly raised, both to the great disadvantage of the farmer until such time as the price level of farm products can l>c brought to a proper price parity." Afk Inflation. The farm lenders explained that the president has the power to harmonize and unify the advan- tages of l)Olh a«ts and urged as the quickest and easiest way to bring about this action, that the president immediately launch a program of inflation along the lines which have been repeatedly suggested by farm organizations. "Further delay. ‘ they said, "threatens the success of the re- covery program and destroys the hope which has been the sus- taining force In agriculture dur- ing the past three years." The group expressed approval ««f the steps taken > the Faini Credit Administration but felt that progress in ndministering the l>cneflts of the farm credit act has be«’n rather halting to date. "In the endeavor to establish perfectly safe methods of financing, the Farm Credit Administration may feel Ju.stified in nia><ing progress slowly," it was stated, "ilowcvcr, it is our opinion that the critical condition of agriculture at this time justifies great tolerance in the formulation of credit rctiuire- ments and justifies all possible speed In relieving a very acute situation." It was recommended by the group headed by the Farm Bu- reau’s national |)residcnt that the Farm Credit Administration and federal land banl
abllity of price recovery and so insure that the benefits of recovery shall accrue to present owners of farm land in- stead of to those money lenders who are rapidly acquiring farms through foreclosures. "The term "normal" as applied to appraised values should be rede- fined on a much more liberal basis." a resolution explained. "X’aluations and loans must be high enough to prevent the ma- Jnritx of good farmers from being dlspo.s.sesaed. I’nless farm prices are quickly restored to • parity, the whole e<ns and the farmers’ cooperathe asso- ciations, that i.i now being given to organiied labor." FARM CREDIT EOl ) (Continued from Page 1) place for a hearing, at which ai y creditors opposing confirmation may state their opposition. "If the Judge does not confirjn the proposal he may dismiss tl e ]>roceedlng8 or r«fer the specific tlons to the commissioner for tes’i- mony and report, and then mi confirm the proposal or dismiss tl proceedings. "After a settlement or extension has been confirmed, the judge mfy set It aside and reinstate the caie if fraud has been discovered. "The filing of a petition pleadli g for relief under the new la ^r places the farmer and his properjy In the exchifive jurisdiction of tl court, and he can not be put In r Involuntai-y bankruptcy or sued any debt. "So execution can be levied on n. judgment of foreclosure nor aty writ to oust the farmer even undi r a tax sale. "No levy can be had touchireratlve eredi and funds needed to carry on farm ing and marketing operations lower rates of inierest and accord ing to reasonable needs. "Farn Credits" are now centralired b legislation under the "FAR^ C R EDIT AD.MIXLSTRATI with Its (Sovernor. Deputy O’ ernor and Commissioners, and w twelve regional divisions, have tl>e banks for cooperatives—s "Central Bank for cooperatives and twelve regional "Banks for Co operatives." We have twelve re. gional "Production Credit Corpora tlons," and "Production Credit As- sociations." as and when chartered by the Oovernor of the Farm Credit Administration. The.se new institutions are in addition to th^ Federal Land Banks now "liberal- ized" by authority of Congress anr intended to be so administered In reason, and also the Intermedial Credit Banks. Other emergency credit agencies, heretofore created are continued for the present, tc which h«s been added new emer- gency financing, "LAND BANK COMMI.SSIONEK’.S LOANS Congress Intended, through First Mortgage Federal Land Bank Loans and Lynd Bank Commls.sion er’s Loans, at lower rates of, in the worthy debt-ridden farmer might fund his indebtedness, sub ject to reasonable requirements of rules and regulations protectin;; and assuring the permanency o these institutions. Congress Intended that Prodiie tion Credit should be freely avail able, in reason, to farmers, throug "Production Credit Associations, and at reasonable rates of interest; particularly In the absence of many country banks and by reason of light deposits and present day re quirements on banks with respect to keeping assets liquid. We appreciate the iinprecedent ed demands made on Federal Land Banks and National Farm Loan Associations, immediately on en actment of the legislation by the ("ongress in a Special Session, put ting the Land Banks in funds and actively in operation again, with no other .source of funds available foi farm loans. Normal valuations ol farms for loans were to be de termlned on a new basis, "the val lie of the land for agricultural pur- pose.’* shall he the basis of ap pral.., to be helpful to the Deputy Governor, of the Far Credit Administration. In connec tion with the setting up of the Pro duciion Credit Corporation of .St Louis and local production Credl Association.-, in this connection it was stflted l>y your officers tha we regard if as essentially im- portant, if the Production Credit » orporatlon and local Credit Association "4 be the Prodiictlor are really t( serve farm people, that the region al admlnLstration Is free to formu tale tion rea.sonahle rules and rcgula thit «re suitable, and an sound, for the guidance or limila tion of local Production Credit As social ions. Equally important li our judgment is the selection o properly qualified and informal personnel that is both wise an/ sympnfhetic, to conduct the bus! ne.ss of the local A#«oclatlon. Th services of the A.ssociatlon wer proffered in the Interests of farm people in Illinois, which f lows the established policy of t Association In such matters. Congress Intended that the f benefits available through credit institutions worthy farmers, of these acts, as perfected in the will determine the th?.-e Institutions us. fulness to farmers. Our far eis in Illinois through orgnni tion, their As.soclation. should operate In developing the full va of the.oe Institutions, as Inten by the Congress. the! should real Admlnl.stratlt organization Administiatic permanency and their r( II i S’ 1
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