Types Of Glaucoma Eye Drops

.tags Glaucoma is a disease of the eyes that damages the optic nerve and leads to a progressive and an irreversible vision loss. It is said that IOP is the main causative factor for Glaucoma. IOP stands for Intra-Ocular Pressure. There are various ways to treat this eye condition and one such way is through eye drops.

Types of Glaucoma

There are mainly two types of Glaucoma and they are Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Angle Closure Glaucoma. Both these conditions occur when there is damage to IOP.

Apart from these two conditions, there is a condition, where there is no damage to IOP, yet Glaucoma occurs. This is a special condition called Normal Tension Glaucoma. However, a common symptom in all these cases is increase in eye pressure.

Glaucoma Eye Drops

There are different types of eye drops available in the market for treating Glaucoma. These can be classified as follows:

Beta Blockers

The ingredients used in these types of eye drops are Timoptol, Teoptic, Betoptic, Nyogel and Betagan. They can be used once every morning. However, caution should be taken, as overuse may cause Asthma. Avoid using these drops if you have a history of Asthma. These side effects do not occur in every patient. Other side effects are slow pulse, tiredness, dizziness and a reduction in the ability to workout. Some patients also have reported for depression and impotency.

Alpha Agonists

These drops include Iopidine and Alphagan. These eye drops are said to reduce any production of the fluid in eye and they improve the fluidity in eyes. They can be used two to three times a day. Possible side effects include dry mouth and feeling of unwell. Alphagan may give rise to nightmares in young children.

Prostaglandin Analogues

These eye drops include Lumingan, Xalatan, and Travetan. These drops can improve fluid flows inside the eye through the non-conventional pathways such as uveo-scleral. They are preferably used at night. Some side effects such as a pinkish coloring of eye may occur for a couple of weeks and fades with time. In some cases, the iris may darken. However, these temporary effects heal with time.

Carbonic Anhydrase

These are basically inhibitors and include Azopt and Trusopt. These eye drops can reduce fluid productions to a significant extent. They may give a bitter taste as a side effect. They can be used up to three times a day.

Cholinergic Agonists

These eye drops include Pilocarpine. They allow improved fluid flow rates. The drops are also available in gel forms called Pilogel. They may also cause side effects such as headache with eye ache.

All eye drops may cause slight or mild irritation. However, if the irritations persist for long, then immediately consult an eye doctor. In addition, never neglect these irritations, as they may lead to weakening of your eyesight. If you are allergic to some drops, then avoid using them. Remember, Glaucoma is a treatable disease and thus, with proper care and attention, you can come out of it.

Please follow us: