. It is commonly known that people who smoke are more prone to colds than those who do not smoke – also smokers usually experience a more serious form of flu symptoms and the illness lasts longer, with the risk of degenerating into bronchitis and even pneumonia.
What are the first symptoms of cold? The first symptoms of a cold are a sore throat, nasal discharge and frequent sneezing.
Children may have sore throat, cough, headache, low fever, fatigue, muscle pain and loss of appetite. Nasal leakage of children can turn from a transparent one to yellow-green shades.
When is a cold contagious? Colds are most contagious during the first 2-4 days until symptoms disappear. Your child may come into contact with cold if:
* Breathing virus particles in the air after someone has sneezed or coughed close to him;
* Touches nose or mouth after he touch the skin or another surface contaminated.
How to prevent colds? Due to the large number of viruses that cause colds, there is no vaccine that could be made against this viral infection. To prevent, children should:
* Stay away from any person who smokes or is sick. Viral particles can travel about 3.7 meters in the air when a person sneezes or coughs.
* To wash their hands very well, as often as possible.
* To cover nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing.
* Do not use the same towels or eating utensils that have been used by an infected person. They also should learn to not drink from the same cup.
It is very important to talk with your doctor before deciding what vitamins, supplements or herbal treatments to give to your child to get over the cold faster. Cold symptoms occur 2-3 days after the child has been exposed to sources of infection. Most often a cold lasts about a week.
How to treat colds? “Time heals all wounds.” This proverb is not always true, but the reality is close enough. Pills do not cure the common cold, but can be used to alleviate the symptoms – for muscle pain, fever or headache.
When to call the doctor? Your child’s doctor can not identify the type of virus, but will examine the throat and ears of the child, eventually taking a sample of throat infection, to ensure that infection does not signal another disease. If cold symptoms worsen instead of improving over three days, the problem may indicate sinusitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, especially if the child lives in a smoking environment.